What is metabolic syndrome, and how does it affect you?

The metabolic syndrome is a collection of five disorders resulting in heart disease, diabetes, stroke, and other health issues. When three or more of the following risk factors are present, metabolic syndrome is diagnosed:

  • Blood glucose levels are too high (sugar)
  • HDL (“good”) cholesterol levels in the blood are low.
  • Triglyceride levels in the blood are high.
  • Large waist circumference or a body that is “apple-shaped.”
  • Blood pressure that is too high

Although each of these is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease, having three or more and being diagnosed with metabolic syndrome enhances the likelihood of acquiring a significant cardiovascular problem. High blood pressure, for example, is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease. Still, when it is paired with high fasting blood sugar levels and abdominal obesity (a big waistline), cardiovascular disease increases much more.

Metabolic syndrome is a significant health condition that increases the risk of heart disease, diabetes, stroke, and other disorders caused by fatty buildups in artery walls (atherosclerosis). Overweight and obesity, insulin resistance, physical inactivity, genetic factors, and advancing age are all underlying causes of metabolic syndrome.

Even though metabolic syndrome is a serious condition, you can significantly reduce your risks by losing weight, increasing your physical activity, eating a heart-healthy diet rich in whole grains, fruits, vegetables, and fish, and working with your health care team to monitor and manage your blood glucose, blood cholesterol, and blood pressure.

Why Is Metabolic Syndrome Important?

Those with metabolic syndrome have a higher risk of cardiovascular disease and diabetes than those who do not, when additional elements of metabolic syndrome are present, the risk increases.

Insulin resistance, a widespread metabolic condition that inhibits patients from effectively utilising insulin, is linked to metabolic syndrome. For this reason, metabolic syndrome is also known as insulin resistance syndrome.

People with metabolic syndrome are more likely to develop:

  • Coronary artery disease and heart attack are two types of coronary artery disease. When fatty deposits (plaque) constrictor clog the arteries that carry blood to the heart, the amount of blood and oxygen reaching the heart is reduced, inducing chest pain (angina) or a heart attack.
  • Kind two diabetes is the most common type of diabetes. Diabetes is caused by the body’s inability to produce enough insulin or utilise it appropriately. This causes blood sugar levels to rise, increasing the risk of renal failure and cardiovascular disease.

Despite the seriousness of these dangers, there is some good news. Metabolic syndrome can be managed, and you can lower your chances of having a heart attack or stroke by:

  • keeping a healthy blood pressure level
  • maintaining a healthy blood sugar level
  • keeping your cholesterol in check
  • maintaining and achieving a healthy weight
  • consuming a diet that is good for your heart
  • obtaining sufficient physical activity
  • heeding the recommendations of your medical team

According to Erin Palinski-Wade, RD, CDE, author of Belly Fat Diet for Dummies, “reducing your waist circumference could have a greater impact on avoiding and treating disease than medicine.” “Excess visceral fat, a critical risk factor for developing metabolic syndrome, type 2 diabetes, heart disease, and even some malignancies,” Palinski-Wade says. She recommends concentrating on reducing waist size rather than the numbers on the scale.

What is metabolic syndrome, and how does it affect you?
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